REASONS TERMINOLOGY FOR BREEDING CATTLE By Chris Skaggs, Assistant Professor, Texas A&M University and Chris T. Boleman, Texas A&M University Breeding animals are generally placed on a combination of: ü Frame-Growth potential ü Body capacity or body volume ü Structural Correctness ü Muscle ü Balance ü Feminine/masculine characteristics General terms for all livestock types Dam – female parent Sire – male parent Entire – a male animal that … Terms associated with a beef animal Knowing the parts of an animal is important, and so is knowing the terms that are associated with those parts. Terms:The following terms are presented in this lesson (shown in bold italics and on FDA action levels for aflatoxins§ Commodity Action level (µg/kg or ppb) All products, except milk, designated for humans 20 Milk 0.5 Corn for immature animals and dairy cattle 20 Corn for breeding beef cattle, swine and mature poultry 100 Auction – A method of marketing for cattle through which an auctioneer sells cattle to the highest bidder. Associate Professor ­ Animal Science Veterinarian Marketing Terms and Background Price Slides Feeder cattle prices vary by weight. Bos taurus - Includes most cattle found in the United States, including their European ancestors. The purposes of BIF are performance testing. Also, this list is not meant to be all-inclusive but presents many of the terms commonly used in the cattle feeding industry. 4. Breed - Animals which have a common origin and com-mon characteristics that distinguish them from other groups of animals within that same species. Go through each term on the corresponding worksheet with the students and make sure everyone understands these commonly used terms are animals that are . Useful livestock terms. Breaks in the Chine: Breaks in the back (curve in the back) Broken over in the knee: They just buckle over in the knee, no one says it, is just an indication of lameness Body Condition Score: A score on a scale of 1 to 9, reflecting the amount of fat reserves in a cow’s body, where 1 = very … A compilation of cattle terms and definitions from words commonly used to describe cattle. kept for production or lifestyle, such as cattle, sheep, pigs, goats, horses or poultry. Generally, the heavier the calf, the lower the price. UA Cooperatie tension ulletin 1367 Common Terms Used in Animal eeding and utrition 5 Table 1. - Fewer students will probably know what these terms mean 3. Agriculture and Natural Resources DIVISION OF AGRICULTURE RESEARCH & EXTENSION University of Arkansas System FSA3112 Beef Performance Glossary Tom R.Troxel Professor and Associate Department Head ­ Animal Science. cattle, but if you did, you would not only face tough management problems with the cattle but would also lose market potential because of the mix of calves leaving your farm. BCH-1000 1 Beef Performance Glossary John Hough, Amercian Hereford Association List of Equipment, Tools, Supplies, and Facilities: • Writing surface • PowerPoint Projector • PowerPoint Slides • Transparency Masters • Copies of student worksheets . cattle. Livestock. Jeremy Powell. Go into describing the days topic: Cattle Terminology - NOTE: Let the students know that “cattle” means a group of cows, bulls, steers, heifers, etc. 4 judging beef cattle and oral reasons 101 A. top or topline B. 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