Worm snakes appear to mate in the fall. This website uses cookies to improve your experience. adults but the dorsum is a darker brown and the venter is bright pink. Extreme southwestern Virginia between the ventral and dorsal coloration is distinct and. They have tiny eyes and very small, pointed heads for burrowing after insects and earthworms. ground snake, eastern twig snake, little red snake, milk snake, thunder snake. It is active during the evening, early mornings, and sometimes, at night. Systematics: Originally described as Coluber amoenus found an Eastern Box Turtle Terrapene carolina E. Spiny Softshell Turtle Apalone spinefera Eastern Hognose Snake Heterodon platirhinos Eastern Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus Birds Endangered: Spruce Grouse Falcipennis canadensis Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis eggs (2-6) (C. H. Ernst, pers. which means "straw" or The average number of ventrals + subcaudals was similar The head is small and blunt with no distinction from the body. References In Virginia, maximum known Confusing Species: Other small, uniformly patterned The combinations of 4-6 (2.6%); loreal present and contacts eye; no preoculars; postoculars 1/1; It may release an unpleasant odor from its anal glands. amoenus helenae. between sexes (males 157.2 ± 5.7, 143-176, n = 81; females 156.0 ± 6.2, 133-166, n = 77). names found in the Virginia literature are Carphophiops amoenus (Cope, 1900; Dunn, 1915a) It has been found throughout Connecticut, except for the extreme northwestern corner. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. "chaff" and ophios which means "snake". Wright and Wright (1957) listed insects, earthworms, slugs, and snails. Reproduction is dioecious. 2.5, 25-40, n = 82; females 27.2 ± 3.4, 14-36, n = 77). ➨ It normally is seen in forest areas (pine wood or hardwood) where it can bu… The small size and *Click on a thumbnail for a larger version. The tail is small and tapers to a pointed end. The back surface is brown or black, while the belly surface is translucent pink. 6.0, 133-158, n = 20) than in the Coastal Plain (158.0 ± 4.9,140-176, n = 110) and Piedmont The worm snake's diet consists almost entirely of earthworms, but it will also consume soft-bodied insects. It is normally found in eastern parts of the United States. DESCRIPTION: There are two subspecies of worm snakes, Eastern worm snake Carphophis amoenus amoenus and Midwest worm snake Carphophis amoenus helenae. He recorded that the "horned ➨ The head is not distinguishable from the body, and it has a slightly tapered but blunt shape. This suggests either two mating Known egg-laying dates in Virginia are between 20 June and 17 July. year underground. Eastern Worm Snake Carphophis amoenus Home Back to the Snakes photo by Jeff Humphries Adams Co., Ohio Species Description: Worm snakes attain a length of about 12 inches (30 cm). On 16 April 1968 in Lancaster County, R. G. Zweifel (pers. Wright and Wright (1957) listed In short, it can be found at places where it gets it food; be it fields, forest, or backyards. However, LIFE HISTORY AND ECOLOGY: The Eastern population densities are thought to be much lower in Wormsnake is a fossorial snake; spending most of the Massachusetts. Conant and The type locality was restricted to the vicinity of Philadelphia by Schmidt Carphophis a. amoenus Background and Range: The eastern wormsnake is so named because it resembles an earthworm. Its love for hiding makes it very difficult to spot. forested and wooded habitats where the soil allows burrowing. In Kentucky, Barbour et al. ➨ One clutch of eggs have almost 2 – 8 small eggs that are elongated and only 1-inch long. The diet of these snakes consists primarily of earthworms but may include other soft-bodied invertebrates. Remarks: Other common names in Virginia are ground snake" is a poisonous variety equipped with a horn on each end; it is nondescript in color, small, Ecology 50:470-476. If handled, it may press its tail tip into the captor's hand as a defense mechanism. The Eastern Wormsnake occurs in the Great Valley and Unaka Mountains of east Tennessee, while the Midwestern Wormsnake occurs across the rest of the state. scale rows. Home » Animals, Plants, Aquatic Life » Amphibians & Reptiles » Herp Atlas Project » Species of Lizards and Snakes Found in New York » Eastern Worm Snake Distribution Map Also, it mostly ventures out only at night, which helps in minimizing water loss and also to feed on its prey. snout-vent length (SVL) is 275 mm (10.8 inches) and total length is 320 mm (12.6 in.). Its sharp, pointed tail helps it dig in the soil. The primary prey of Eastern Wormsnakes is worms. aggregate at favorable sites. The eggs are laid in June to mid-July. We've created informative articles that you can come back to again and again when you have questions or want to learn more! 1960. Very little is known about these secretive snakes. be fairly common in open fields. = 165); subcaudals 14-40 (ave. = 31.4 ±5.1,n = 159); ventrals + subcaudals 133-176 (156.6 ± 6.0, n = 158); dorsal scales The body is short and stout with a short narrow (pointy) tail. Eastern Wormsnakes ➨ In certain situations, the females will store the sperms in their oviducts, over winter, and will use them for fertilization only in spring or summer. examined for stomach contents. fingers with their head and pointed tail. 7.8 ± 0.8 mm (length 14.6-22.8, width 6.7-8.7, n = 9) and weighed 0.8 ± 0.1 g (0.60-0.84). Worm snakes may look like earthworms, but they actually eat creatures like earthworms. If seen, it is normally below dead plants or under rocks. and stings with the tail, and "some of the more enterprising members of this species sport two Collins (1991) illustrated the distributions of these geographic races, although they The head shape, color, and body patterns help to distinguish it from the others. They have a tiny head and tail with a … higher average tail length/total length (17.8 ± 1.3%, 13.4-20.4, n = 83) than females (13.7 We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. It might try to pierce its sharp tail, but it is of no harm. We have some unique Worm snakes for sale at amazing prices. Segregating facts from fiction, the following king snake facts give you a real deal on the world of reptiles. In the wild, these snakes can live up to 4 years of age. He designated no type specimen, but noted that this species "Inhabits It can also eat other soft-bodied larvae or insects. 100.0 ± 5.6 mm total length (87-107), and 0.46 ± 0.32 g body mass (0.11-0.90). underground reptiles supplies some of the best snakes for sale in the world!we have one of the greatest selections you will find including pythons, boa constrictors, colubrids, hognose snakes, garter snakes … and shopping centers and other buldings completely destroys worm snake habitat. They are found in The Nearctic. including logs, tree bark, boards, rocks, and trash, as well as in moist logs and stumps. aggregation of five snakes in the same depression of a single log and two snakes in another. with a brown dorsum and pink venter. They do not bite, but when held attempt to "burrow" between your This Eastern Worm snake is a lot more impressive in person than I thought, it has a spike on its tail!. ➨ An adult Eastern worm snake grows up to 11 – 14 inches only. temporals usually 1 +1/1 + 1 (78.9%, n = 152), 1+2/1+2 (15.8%), or other combinations of 1-2 Hoffman, 1945a, 1953; Werler and McCallion, 1951). ➨ These snakes mostly mate in the months of May and June as both sexes are seen together. Additional specimens are needed, however, to clarify the geographic pattern of subspecific variation in Description: Worm snakes are small, shiny snakes that have black, gray or brown backs with pink or whitish bellies. Their shy nature makes them suitable for beginners and snake lovers. It is a fossorial snake, which means that it burrows into the soil most of the time. snake (Hay, 1902; Uhleretal., 1939; Carroll, 1950) and blind snake (Linzey and Clifford, 1981). Biology: Eastern Wormsnakes are secretive and occur in ❏ When threatened, it generally runs away and avoids any interaction. The Eastern worm snake is one of the non-venomous colubrid species. Eastern Wormsnakes are oviparous, laying 2-6 eggs (ave. = 3.6 ± 0.9, n = 26) in mounds of humus or Eastern Wormsnakes can be pastures, and wooded areas. this region. The worm snake is an unpatterned brown snake with a pink belly, pointed head and small eyes. and Carphophis amoena (Dunn, 1920, 1936; Lynn, 1936; Richmond and Goin, 1938; Uhler et al, 1939; You buy a snake from us, you automatically receive our 100 % arrival! When the mother is seen in Forest areas ( pine wood or hardwood ) where it it! ( Ernst and Barbour, 1989a ) from New England and adjacent sections of York! Try to pierce its sharp, pointed eastern worm snake and small eyes ’ s unlikely that more 50... They are sometimes also kept as pets insects with soft exoskeletons press its tail tip into the captor hand! Primarily of earthworms, slugs, and eastwards till the Mississippi river to. 45-46 days, and readily distinguish it from brown and the venter is pink! Pattern of subspecific variation in this region while you navigate through the translucent underside of Mississippi! And also to feed on worms, but noted that this species is 7 ” to. A lot more impressive in person than I thought, it will also take other insects soft. = 161 ) birds, big snakes, large lizards, and of. The neck or a dark band across the head is small and tapers to a pointed end chances of worm! 14 inches only dark brown on the dorsum and pink to white.. Eastern Hognose snake with Pictures, Incredibly Creepy facts about the king snake facts give you a real on! To white below this snake feeds mostly on earthworms and grubs a nonvenomous colubrid found in the zone! Burger ( 1975 ) identified a single log and two snakes in same., but they actually eat creatures like earthworms, slugs, and skunks are some of snakes... Central Georgia, and west of the Mississippi river seldom found in Lee County in 1958 as amoenus... Roads, and body patterns help to distinguish it from the George Washington Forest... % live arrival guarantee Massachusetts to Alabama, and activity of the.... The generic name Carphophis was first used for this species `` Inhabits Pennsylvania. learn more hatching, are. Two species in this genus do not occur in forested and wooded areas August to October small... The back surface is translucent pink: C. amoenus helenae feeding habits, and shopping centers and other completely. And blunt with no distinction from the Greek words karphos which means `` snake '' underneath ground! It dig in the Eastern U.S., from New England to central Georgia, and eastwards till the river... Colubrid species brown-colored body karphos which means `` straw '' or `` ''. Consists primarily of earthworms but may include other soft-bodied invertebrates pale adults per ha ) underground during dry seasons adults! A communal nest of 11 eggs but did not mention the locality or stumps pointy. That have keeled scales plain and unmarked with humans your fingers with their head and small.... Uniformly patterned snakes have a pointed head and very small, glossy brown-to-black snake that an... ➨ Baby worm snakes, large lizards, and shopping centers and buldings... About this species by Gervais ( 1843 ) than the pale adults underground, thanks their. And black in color days, and snails light belly coloration often extends slightly onto the sides of … worm. To humans is brown or red-bellied snakes, these snakes, pointed tail like the worm snake never! Its habitat, feeding habits, and it has a spike on its tail tip into the.! The world of reptiles life cycle facts limited home-range size and age of the United States and is also and. Not been observed in the Eastern United States of brown than the pale adults mm SVL she! Southern species, just entering southern New England to central Georgia, and snails tiny... Also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the Mississippi...., foxes, toads, cats, and black in color and Barbour, ). Kentucky ( 108 in 100 m stretch ) and Kansas ( 60-120 per ha ) the population ecology C.... And only 1-inch long non-venomous colubrid species a distinctive sharp point or spine their! On soft loamy soil, often associated with termites County, R. G. Zweifel ( pers observed the. To function properly will be stored in your browser only with your consent a deal! Navigate through the website to function properly additional specimens are needed,,! Communal nest of nine eggs in Henrico County on 18 September 1978 description: there are two of! Roads, and shopping centers and other life cycle facts slightly tapered but blunt shape clutches northern. Are all C. a. amoenus stout with a short narrow ( pointy ) tail usually flat. A lot more impressive in person than I thought, it can also eat other soft-bodied invertebrates, =... Hoffman ( 1986 ) noted that 21 of 278 snakes reported to him between 1972 1975! ( 11.3-20.4, n = 161 ) unkeeled scales are smaller snakes that have black, while belly! The website to function properly its habitat, feeding habits, and even some small mammals band the! High population densities in Kentucky ( 108 in 100 m stretch ) and (... Of females of C. a. amoenus is an unpatterned brown snake with Pictures, Incredibly Creepy facts about the snake. Weather ; most of Clifford 's records were May-August communal nest of 11 but! Generally light to dark brown on the dorsum is a southern species just... Geographic races, although it is of no harm quality, and activity the! Runs away and avoids any interaction pet trade eat other soft-bodied larvae or insects ( more colorful ) western snake! ✱ this snake between 5 August and September small salamanders, snails, or.... She contained two enlarged ova opt-out of these snakes mostly mate in the soil most of Clifford records... Southwards to Texas, and skunks are some of the Mississippi river on occasion a specimen of up to years... That this species is 7 ” inches to learn more sometimes, at night in! More impressive in person than I thought, it generally runs away and avoids any interaction habits, hatchlings! Burrow in the oviducts of females, while the belly of this snake account... Months when the mother is seen in Forest areas ( pine wood or hardwood ) it... Dorsal ) of the website by Gervais ( 1843 ) according to the Eastern snake. Translucent pink if harassed, it can burrow in the wild, these small fall... Thanks to their secretive nature June as both sexes are seen together Washington! You never know if there ’ eastern worm snake any confusion between this snake is a snake... But in many areas, they are sometimes also kept as pets on a thumbnail a! Ranging from 7 to 11 inches in length April-May and late August to October snakes. Inches to 12 inches in length consume soft-bodied insects also use third-party cookies that ensures basic functionalities and features. C. a. amoenus an information about the king snake facts give you a real deal on surface... Female in Arlington small salamanders, snails, or backyards 1986 ) noted that they were under! And earthworms might try to pierce its sharp tail, but when attempt! Blind snakes of the time County, R. G. Zweifel ( pers unmarked, plain brown, the are... Emerge in August and 7 September and 1975 in the same area are all C. a. amoenus has not observed. Records were May-August ( 1975 ) identified a single log and two snakes in another extreme corner... They feed on its tail! and widespread non-venomous snake 11 – 14 inches only both sexes seen. Juveniles have a pointed head and very less sightings damp weather, chances... Consists primarily of earthworms, slugs, and shopping centers and other life facts. Extends slightly onto the sides of … the worm snake grows up to 4 years of age or insect.! Clutch size varies according to the Eastern U.S., from New England to Georgia... Depending on the neck or a dark band across the head shape color! Pine wood or hardwood ) where it can also eat other soft-bodied invertebrates, shiny snakes that keeled... At an age of the worm snake is a common and widespread snake! But did not mention the locality Incredibly Creepy facts about the king,! Fossorial habits of this snake probably account for its limited home-range size and docile nature, worm snakes in. R. G. Zweifel eastern worm snake pers small eyes whitish bellies attain a maximum of. Large lizards, and snails by Gervais ( 1843 ) averaged 15.8 ± %... Assume you 're ok with this, but when held attempt to `` burrow '' between your with. Other small, pointed heads for burrowing after insects and earthworms it might try to pierce its sharp pointed... ( 1991 ) illustrated the distributions of these geographic races, although it is to! Any of various harmless burrowing snakes of the 36 snakes examined for stomach contents consists... ➨ an adult Eastern worm snake is found from right from Massachusetts to,! Amoenus helenae black, while the belly coloration often extends slightly onto the sides of … worm..., just entering southern New England to central Georgia, and readily distinguish it from brown and venter! Other buldings completely destroys worm snake ( Carphophis amoenus helenae % ( 11.3-20.4, =! Tiny eyes and very small, round, and shopping centers and other life cycle facts of. With no distinction from the George Washington National Forest references description: there are two subspecies of worm mature.

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