The video intends to give you a broad idea of what the lesson is all about and includes a few important notes to learn to use subject pronouns in simple sentences and lots of examples too, so please stick until the end of the video. This is simply the way they are said in English. Una cebra means 'a zebra.' She is now new to the conversation, so see what happens: Sandra: Hola, chicos. ), Tengo unos libros muy interesantes. We will start with the noun. ), Hay unos gatos en el tejado. Un día (a day), un perro (a dog). This is not because we do not know the person or the person is unspecified, but because we believe the person is one in a group of others like them. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. (There’s a house near the lake. Es un buen médico. ), Mark: Se lo he vendido a un amigo. (I have found a few coins on the floor. And you do not want that! Note the distinction in these sentences: Gerald Erichsen is a Spanish language expert who has created Spanish lessons for ThoughtCo since 1998. (There are some cats on the roof.). (Give me some sweets. This is probably the most unique phrase in today’s lineup. This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. Tiene una novia española. He comprado tan solo un regalo. Please report examples to be edited or not to be displayed. (Some girls helped me. ), Compra unas manzanas. Un libro puede tener muchas páginas. (Download). Mark se ha comprado un coche nuevo. Use un for singular, masculine nouns. We discuss the differences between definite and indefinite articles in Spanish and special uses of the articles UN, UNA, UNOS, UNAS. (Tell me one Polish word.). Because Spanish likes to keep adverbs close to the verbs they modify, the noun can be placed after the verb when the adverb (or adverbial phrase, as in the third example below) comes before the verb. (A cook is a person who cooks.). Our book is like a joker that represents all the books in existence. ), Esta rosa es una flor delicada. Early in this post, we explained that indefinite articles are required when you are discussing something or someone that has yet to be specified or is not familiar to everyone you are talking to. With the meaning of “some/a few,” we are obviously going to use them when talking about approximate amounts of things or people. (Cancer is a very dangerous disease.). If you analyze both sentences, in the first one we are asking someone to buy some potatoes, or a few potatoes. Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. ), Dime unas palabras en inglés. Real sentences showing how to use Un ejemplo correctly. Hay unos niños en ese parque. FluentU is an entertaining, immersive tool to absorb Spanish grammar rules naturally. See examples of Un calendario in Spanish. Machado is one of Spain's greatest poets, and he lived through some of Spain's most tumultuous times, having experienced both the authoritarian rule of Primo de Rivera and the Spanish Civil War. (2020, August 26). (Give me another chance. There are also some special contexts that always require an indefinite article in Spanish, which we will cover below. Buenos días is used in the morning until noon.Buenas tardes is used after midday usually until the sun goes down.Buenas noches is used in the evening and at night, usually when it gets dark, but, unlike English, we also use it to greet people and not only to say goodbye or when we’re going to bed. In the second sentence we have not used the indefinite article. Never forget! They are not selected or validated by us and can contain inappropriate terms or ideas. Past papers and sample examinations are posted below. Cebra is a feminine, singular noun, so una matches cebra. I have divided the following information into different sections: First you will have a quick overview of the different Spanish indefinite articles with their meanings and some sample sentences for each of them. Translated, that would be, "I am not a mariner, I am a captain, I am a captain.". Take as an example the words madre, piedra, casa and amiga: María es una buena madre. Now, let’s look at examples of how we use indefined articles in the Spanish language. Una is what we were looking for, and that gives us Una casa (a house). Agreement occurs when some parts of a sentence or phrase “agree,” or share some grammatical traits that allow us to determine they go together. Without the second un, the phrase would be understood as referring to one creature, a cross between a cat and dog. This poem was written by Spanish poet Antonio Machado, who was born in Seville in 1875 and passed away in France in 1939. However, if the animal in question is a pet—or some other animal about whom the speaker has personal feelings—you may use the personal a. Ella llama a su perro. Real sentences showing how to use Un causa correctly. The Plural Forms of 'Uno' and 'Una' In Spanish, these words can also exist in the plural form; unos and unas are known as the plural indefinite articles. If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to learn Spanish with real-world videos. Medio (half): Necesito media hora para terminar. He’s a good doctor. If spillage occurs, dilute with water and flush away. See examples of Un in Spanish. ), El cáncer es una enfermedad muy peligrosa. For example, since th… The Spanish indefinite articles are un, una, unos and unas. And that, ladies and gentlemen and gender-neutral friends, is how you create agreement in a sentence. There are two main types of Spanish articles: definite and indefinite. ante. How To Use ‘Un’ and ‘Una’ in Spanish (or Leave Them Out). The Grammar Guide to Spanish Colors: Speak the Rainbow! (Tell me some words in English.). "How To Use ‘Un’ and ‘Una’ in Spanish (or Leave Them Out)." After sin (without), the article is usually omitted unless the speaker is emphasizing the utter lack of something: The article is usually omitted after con (with) when con has a meaning similar to English words or phrases such as "wearing" or "equipped with." When you translate these words into English, most of them have the indefinite article around. Use una for singular, feminine nouns. Imagine the following situation. ), Necesito unos pañuelos. Although English requires the word "a" before "mariner" and "captain," Spanish doesn't require an equivalent word, which in this case would be un. Spanish adjectives are an essential part of speech, but they can also be a little complicated to master. (I have a red book. This happens simply because we are randomly picking up one item of the group as an example in order to represent all of the items in the group. It is the feminine, singular indefinite article, so only feminine, singular nouns can accompany it. Real sentences showing how to use Un correctly. (I have only bought one present. ), Mark: Sí, es el coche que te enseñé ayer. Examples are used only to help you translate the word or expression searched in various contexts. When constructing a sentence with indefinite articles, two important types of agreement are gender and number. Siempre me decía mi madre que en la vida se recoge lo que se siembra. Ana es una mujer muy guapa. We will walk through all of them in this post. Don't use the indefinite article before an unmodified noun after a form of ser ("to be"), especially in reference to occupation, religion, affiliation, or social status. Using the Spanish indefinite articles when they aren't needed is one of the pitfalls for many beginning Spanish students. If you listen to oldies music, you may recall one of the sentences of a popular Spanish-language dance tune: Yo no soy marinero, soy capitán, soy capitán. 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