Related Discussions . Misleading results from animal tests can also point researches in the wrong direction leading to wastage of time and significant investment. The techniques are also relevant to human health. Animal experimentation is done to clarify previously unknown life processes and fundamental biological relationships. It is all too easy to stick our heads in the sand and believe that our cosmetics and pills were ethically tested but are you happy to use products tested on chimpanzees who were kept awake and aware of what was happening to them during painful and frightening procedures? Share on google. Firstly, the animal testing is important in scientific and medical field. Ten reasons why we should turn our backs on animal testing. The results of animal testing simply do not translate from animal to human very well. Focusing on animal testing may result in missing out on important drug discoveries. Animal testing contributes to life-saving cures and treatments. List Land also generates revenue through sponsored or paid posts. Poisoning, shocking, burning, and killing animals is all in a day’s work for vivisectors. Animal testing in laboratories to produce new drugs for the cure of human diseases is a matter of heated debate. Misleading data from animal tests can result in clinical trials of harmful or faulty substances, therefore exposing humans to unnecessary risks. In one well publicized case genetically modified mice were used to test potential cures for ALS (with some success) only for it to be discovered that the researchers had been concentrating on the wrong genetic mutation. Animal testing should be banned because it may cause researchers to believe that dangerous substances are safe. Following are five reasons why scientists should stop relying so heavily on animal models: Animal experiments are not very reproducible. Banned animal testing. Indeed they are such a poor substitute that they often have to be subjected to nasty, painful procedures simply to ensure that they can be used as a subject for the test. Top 10 Reasons Animal Testing Should Be Banned. As candidate drugs go through development and human testing based on animal tests, some drugs are sometimes abandoned due to unsuccessful results during animal testing. Pros Cons There are preferable alternatives to animal testing that are more accurate and humane. “We have some of the best scientific minds in this country, and they are all working on these amazing alternatives. for experiments. The findings are then used to improve diagnostics and treatment of human diseases and illnesses. The practice of animal testing should be banned, considering that it is harmful from the ethical, environmental as well as the economical point of view. With the advent of powerful processing computers we are able to model the human metabolic system down to the molecular level and use this to establish how drugs and substances interact with human biological systems. Liver toxicity was, however, not detected in human trials. The drug was used to treat morning sickness in pregnancy but resulted in a worldwide tragedy. Both mice and rats are also the most commonly used for organ extraction. Even more exciting developments are in the pipeline including ‘microfluidic chips’, computer chips that are lined with cells to recreate human organs. Many families either own or aspire to own a pet dog or a cat and many of those who cannot know friends or family members who do. Even in tests that involve animals that are covered by the Act breaches are distressingly common. The practice of animal testing should be banned, considering that it is harmful from the ethical, environmental as well as the economical point of view. Some of the alternative methods include in vitro testing and in-silico modeling. Over 10,000 babies were born with heartbreaking defects, mostly a malformation and underdevelopment of their limbs and many others miscarried or were stillborn. It is a very poor return. People who spend time with animals know that they experience the same range of emotions as people. The US and much of the western world are majority Christian nations and as such, this forms the basis of a collective morality. Human bodies are, however, much more complex hence the need for higher animals. Animal testing also helps cosmetic companies confirm if their new product is working. It explains how tamoxifen, an effective drug for certain types of breast cancer, would have been abandoned if its ability to cause liver tumors in rats was discovered during testing as opposed to after being released to the market. Animals used in testing often undergo procedures that result in terrible pain and trauma – examples include being forced underwater for long periods of time without warning or being infected with diseases which are allowed to progress too far before the animal is euthanized humanely. Testing on animals is unethical. But scientists argue animal testing has been a crucial component in many medical breakthroughs, and as long as it's done ethically, animal testing should not be outlawed. List Land gets commissions for purchases made through links in this post. It is completely unethical for us to use animals to test substances for use in humans in circumstances in which their use has absolutely no practical benefit at all and this, together with the points raised in this article, is the key reason why animal testing should be banned. Every year millions of vertebrate animals are used for research and experimentation. When diseases that affect humans are artificially induced into animals, the challenges of reproducing the complexity of human diseases in animal models limit the usefulness of data obtained. How Many People Have Ever Lived On Earth? The methods are also not hindered by challenges related to species differences present in animal testing. Fundamentally, animal testing should not be banned because there are possibilities of future cures being unearthed, the procedure is safe for humans, and the results have been more precise. The use of animals for experiments is a controversial issue that is acknowledged by the scientific community. In order for animal based research to be of any benefit it should comply with the rigorous standards expected of scientific studies. The problems work both ways; just as some drugs work in animals but fail to live up to expectations in clinical trials so some drugs that work in humans have little discernible effect on animals or even appear dangerous leading to nasty side effects in the animal hosts that might not transfer to their human equivalents. org, 2013) Also a group of scientists tested on animals to see if they got lung cancer from smoking and they didn’t, so is … Making use of alternatives that are available for animal experimentation is therefore, a better choice. Animal experimentation is done to clarify previously unknown life processes and fundamental biological relationships. Animal testing should be banned because it is cruel, unnecessary, inaccurate, and expensive. Perhaps one of the best known failures of animal testing was the thalidomide tragedy of the 50s and 60s. Sadly the Animal Welfare Act is cold comfort; of the 26 million animals used for testing in the US every year only 5% are covered by the terms of the Animal Welfare Act. This often stems from lack of bias-reducing measures, poorly planned experiments, inappropriate statistical tests, poor reporting on animal attrition (why animals are dropped from studies) and poor reporting of pain relief in lab animals. Undoubtedly, if animal experimentation is exceptionally efficient, then why are there many cases of unsuccessful drug impacts in the field. Instead, signs of these diseases are artificially induced in animals in laboratories in an … Many people in favor of animal testing claim that stories of cruelty are old and out of date and that safeguards such as the Animal Welfare Act are in place to ensure that the animals used in testing are well treated. After reading this article we hope that you will agree with us that it is time to end this outmoded, appalling practice for good. (www. Animal testing has been dated back to the Greeks in the 2nd … However, it had inspired a heated debate that animal testing is a form of cruelty towards animal and should be banned. This is much cheaper than animal testing and much more accurate as it shows how a drug interacts with human as opposed to animal cells. Rabbits were not an ideal substitute for humans but suffered nevertheless suffered through these cruel tests. The only way of establishing this would be in vitro testing on human tissue. This question has always been highly debated and has periodically been in the headlines of tabloid newspapers due to its controversial nature. Similarly, plastic solvents also cause liver cancer in both humans and rats. Is A Ban On Animal Testing For Cosmetics The Need Of The Day? More recently in January 2016 a man died in a French drugs trial. Asbestos causes lung cancer in both humans and rats. An educated guess wouldn’t be good enough for firms that deal with legal-liabilities when their products harm the users. One big problem that has started many arguments in the world is the problem of animal testing. The first reason why animal testing should be allowed is because this type of testing has enabled scientists to discover many cures and treatments for patients. Animal experiments allow researchers to predict desired outcomes and 70% of adverse effects on humans. Please donate now. The disorder can be treated for hemophilia based on gene therapy developed for humans. Some of the drugs with the lowest success rates include cancer drugs (with a 5% approval rate after going through clinical trials), psychiatry drugs (with a 6% success rate), and heart drugs (with a 7% success rate). Many animals are abused daily to ensure the safety of cosmetics, medicine, and other products. Such similarities even allow comparisons of genes and metabolic processes between humans and bacteria. For many years the toxicity of substances was tested by a method that called for an increasing amount of a substance to be administered to a population of test animals until 50% of them died. The aim was to avoid animal testing where possible, limit harm caused to animals during testing, and to minimize their number. About 23.7% of animals are used for safety checks, toxicology tests, and quality tests to ensure safety for drugs that come into contact with humans. Why Animal Testing Should be Banned Today. Making use of alternatives that are available for animal experimentation is therefore, a better choice. : Arguments For And Against, Democracy Is The Best Form Of Government: Arguments For And Against, Countries Where Animal Testing is Illegal. Russel and Burch introduced the three Rs principle in 1959 as a guide for animal experimentation. Animal testing is a heavily debated topic these days as mankind have killed creatures for years in the name of science and medicine. Animals are terrible test subjects to test the chemical successfully because they dont give correct results and they can’t predict all the side effects. Over 6 million animals suffer in tests there every year but these tests lead to no more than 12 new products every year, many more clear animal trials but fail in the human clinical stage of the process. Animal testing is carried out worldwide. The practice is regulated to varying degrees in different countries. In 2006 clinical trials in London went badly wrong when a drug that had proved safe in animals caused 6 men to become seriously ill with reactions that left their ‘brains on fire’ and requiring treatment for organ failure. The results were shocking; the objective of the tests was clearly set out in less than 60% of the studies. Animal testing should be banned because it may cause researchers to believe that dangerous substances are safe. 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When animal experimentation is entirely unavoidable, there is a consensus that the testing should be restricted to a necessary minimum. Share on whatsapp. For many industries, animals are disposable assets that they need to use in order to pass certain regulations. We differ from them too much, on a cellular, metabolic and anatomic basis and that makes animals a poor testing subject for substances designed for human use. The drug had passed all animal testing stages and was undergoing trials to establish dosage tolerances for humans. Fortunately for patients suffering from both ailments, the drugs made it to the market. We have taken the opportunity to list here, in answer to the other list on this site, the 10 reasons why the author of that article is wrong and why animal testing is not only cruel but also inefficient, expensive and dangerous. However, only 5 in every 500 to 1,000 potential drugs proceed to clinical trials. The three Rs are Replacement, Reduction, and Refinement. In conclusion, animal testing should be eliminated because it violates animals' rights, it causes pain and suffering to the experimental animals, and other means of testing product toxicity are available. Without the required regulations from regulators, they won’t be … The very first reason why animal testing should be banned is elementary: it is cruel and unnecessary. Some research facilities pay little attention to the care and welfare of test subjects which can lead to distressing incidents such as when animals break their legs on cages or are scalded to death in horrible accidents. The tests also cause great pain and suffering to the animals. At first glance the Animal Welfare Act looks as though it would provide good protection in that it sets out minimum standards of accommodation and access to water as well as access to pain relief. The … Fact Check – Are No Two Snowflakes Exactly Alike? Potential drugs may be abandoned due to tests that do not apply to humans. Animals have to be housed, fed and cared for and financial provision needs to be made for the staff to do this in addition to the costs of the research staff themselves. When the reasons were investigated it appeared that the animal tests may not have robust enough, with no blinding or randomization meaning that there was potential for cherry picking of statistical outliers (tests which include no reported randomization are 5 times more likely to render a positive result than those that are conducted against rigorous guidelines). Animals are not people! Do you have a pet? More than 85% of the studies failed to use procedures such as randomization or blinding in selecting the animals used for the trial and at least 30% of the studies described their methodology or set out their results in a way that measured errors or validity in a verifiable way. Other people feel, very strongly, that there is no possible justification for the suffering caused by animal testing and that it is, in any event, an outdated and inaccurate method of evaluating drugs for human use. Humans cannot justify making life better for themselves by randomly torturing and executing thousands of animals per year to perform laboratory experiments or to test products. This cruel LD50 has been replaced by an in vitro alternative using human cells – cheap, humane and much, much more accurate. The principle of transferability also works in reverse. So, rather than seeing if perfume irritates a bunny rabbit 's eye, they should throw it in Charles Manson 's eyes and ask him if it hurts” (Ellen DeGeneres). Both of them make up 43% of the total expenditure for medical research. “We believe animal testing should be banned worldwide as it is extremely cruel and inhumane.” By supporting our work, you are reaching out with caring hands to stop animal abuse. The methods require less manpower for maintenance, are less time consuming, and less costly. Of course human trials do not (and cannot ethically) involve pregnant subjects. Help us create more great content. Refinement refers to the improvement of scientific techniques to minimize the pain and suffering of animals used for experiments over their lifetime. Hence, animals have a fundamental moral right to respectful treatment, just like human beings. By. Perhaps one of the best known failures of animal testing was the thalidomide tragedy of the 50s and 60s. For many years rabbits were used to test whether a substance would prove toxic to human skin. Thanks for reading, please support our sponsors. Most mammals will need some form of contact, either from a human or from another animal, in order to enjoy their life to the fullest. We condemn the slaughter and mistreatment of these amazing animals for meat or land in the wilds of Africa but condone their torture on our own shores. The California Biomedical Research Association states that nearly every medical breakthrough in the last 100 years has resulted directly from research using animals. Share on facebook. In one famous case animal trials of a potential stroke drug had looked very promising. This was both cruel and distressing and often irrelevant as animals will react differently to some substances than humans. Alternatives report calls on scientists to end cosmetics tests on animals. Approximately 17-22 million animals are used for testing each year in the United States. Just 12 products for 6 million lives lived in misery and billions of Euros spent. Growing public opposition to the practice has, however, forced some governments to give statements on the practice. Improvements have been made in the field of cosmetics testing as well. Body cells and biochemical processes necessary for life are quite similar across different species of animals. Animal testing should be banned. global warming, extinction of animal species, wildlife conservation, and animal experimentation. In 2009 a peer reviewed study of 271 studies undertaken with animals (rats, mice and primates). They should use prisoners who have been convicted of murder or rape instead. Animal testing is necessary for medical development. During preclinical animal studies, 36% of substances tested do not proceed to subsequent clinical trials on humans due to safety risks and undesirable side effects observed in animals. We should banned animal testing because animals get through a lot of pain and even kill them even making a lot of animal instinct from the hole world even giving drugs to animals and instead of helping them you kill them so animal testing should be banned from those very reasons. S the way of establishing this would be in vitro testing and in-silico.... Nations and as such, this forms the basis of a terrible and failure! 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Convicted of murder or rape instead Snowflakes Exactly Alike firms that deal with legal-liabilities when their products on revolutionary! Banned is elementary: it is cruel, unnecessary, inaccurate and poorly.!

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