English explorer Martin Frobisher is best known for his attempts to discover a Northwest Passage and his voyages to Labrador and Frobisher Bay in Canada. As mayor of Plymouth, Drake organized a water supply for Plymouth that served the city for around 300 years. In 1595, Queen Elizabeth I called upon Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, to capture Spain's treasure supply in Panama, in hopes of cutting off revenue and ending the Anglo-Spanish War. Sir Francis Drake - Sir Francis Drake - Mayor of Plymouth: In the same year, 1581, Drake was made mayor of Plymouth, an office he fulfilled with the same thoroughness that he had shown in all other matters. In 1589, Queen Elizabeth I ordered Drake to seek out and destroy any remaining ships of the armada and help Portuguese rebels in Lisbon fight against Spanish occupiers. Drake began … Major tensions flared between Drake and Doughty during the trip, potentially motivated by political intrigue. 30 years after Francis died two books were published that told the story of Sir Francis Drake. Slave Trader & Privateer. About Francis Drake. Drake’s conduct as a young apprentice to a ship master was so impressive that the master later gave him his ship! Francis ... Francis Drake passed away in 1687 at New Jersey at 72 years of age. Drake presents Queen Elizabeth with manuscript with text the basis of which was later published as "Sir Francis Drake Revived." He was the first to study the effects of human selective mating. Born: c. 1541 Tavistock, England Died: January 28, 1596 Puerto Bello, Honduras English navigator and ship captain The English navigator Sir Francis Drake was the first of his countrymen to sail around the world. Francis Drake . The following year, Sir Francis Drake launched a pre-emptive strike on the Spanish mainland at the port of Cadiz. He caught the Spanish by surprise destroying 37 ships and several thousand tons of supplies. Francis Drake Family, Childhood, Life Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017. Francis Drake was a privateer, basically a pirate authorized by the government to plunder foreign vessels. His Cadiz pre-emptive strike delayed the Spanish invasion by a year. All Rights Reserved. How do his acomplishments benefit us today? Francis Drake was born on July 13, 1540 (age 56) in the Tavistock, England. The incident instilled in Drake a deep hatred of the Spanish crown. https://www.bbc.co.uk/history/historic_figures/drake_francis.shtml Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. 1540 – January 28 1596) was a pre-eminent English navigator, politician, civil engineer, and known slave trader, of the Elizabethan age.He became the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe, and the second circumnavigation of … Sir Francis Drake: Biography &… Sir Francis Drake Francis Drake was an experienced and daring seafarer. Born … He was a corsair who was the plague of Spain's western colonies and their treasure ships carrying vast amounts of silver to fill the coffers of King Phillip. Due to weather and the presence of enemy forces, Medina Sidonia was forced to take the armada north around Scotland and back to Spain. Sir Francis Drake’s adventurous life was filled with many accomplishments. 10 Major Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake, #1 He famously captured the treasure vessel Cacafuego, #2 Francis Drake is considered the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean, #3 He was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe, #4 He made one of the earliest English territorial claims in the New World, During his circumnavigation of the globe, Francis Drake landed on the, #5 Sir Francis Drake was knighted abroad Golden Hind in 1581, For completing the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, Francis Drake was, #6 He served as mayor of Plymouth and as a Member of Parliament, #7 He captured several cities during his 1585–86 raids on the Spanish New World, #8 He delayed the Spanish Armada by a year through a pre-emptive strike, #9 He was Vice-Admiral of the English fleet which defeated the Spanish Armada, #10 Sir Francis Drake paved the way for further British exploration. Continuing to face stormy weather, Drake remained in his flagship, the newly dubbed Golden Hind and only remaining vessel from the original squad, sailing up the coasts of Chile and Peru and plundering an unprotected Spanish merchant ship full of bullion. Parun Pereira Aug 27, 2020 . Mayor of Plymouth In the same year, 1581, Drake was made mayor of Plymouth, an office he fulfilled with the same thoroughness that he had shown in all other matters. A Short Biography of Francis Drake. Francis Drake is the 12th most popular explorer , the 52nd most popular biography from United Kingdom (down from 41st in 2019) and the 2nd most popular British Explorer . After a brief and possibly illegal trial, Doughty was convicted and beheaded. #1 He famously captured the treasure vessel Cacafuego. By late afternoon, the English pulled back. Frances Drake, Actress: Mad Love. Accomplishments Sir Francis Drake Sir Francis Drake being knighted by Queen Elizabeth 1. They were privateers who prowled the shipping lanes off the French coast, seizing merchant ships. He played a major role in the destruction and defeat of the mighty Spanish Armada. Francis Drake, the eldest son of a yeoman farmer, was born near Tavistock, Devonshire. Frances Drake was born on October 22, 1912 in New York City, New York, USA as Frances Dean. Sir Francis was thus the first commander to lead an entire circumnavigation. Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton was an Irish-born British explorer who was a principal figure of the period known as the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration. He also served as an officer aboard a West African slave vessel. When he landed in what is now California in the United States, Drake named it Nova Albion (new England)! He carried out the loot in March 1579. English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan era. She was an actress, known for Mad Love (1935), The Invisible Ray (1936) and Les Misérables (1935). Drake presents Queen Elizabeth with manuscript with text the basis of which was later published as "Sir Francis Drake Revived." He went to work for a sea captain at a young age and found his home living and working on a ship. Francis was born in around 1540 in Tavistock, Devon, England – the eldest of 12 sons. In 1588, Drake saw action in the English defeat of the Spanish Armada, though he died in 1596 from dysentery after undertaking an unsuccessful raiding mission. He ordered the construction of a vast armada of warships, fully equipped and manned. Drake successfully completed the journey and was knighted by Queen Elizabeth I upon his triumphant return. Sir Francis Drake was considered as the greatest navigator, pirate, captain and politician under the rule of Queen Elizabeth I of England. For completing the second circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, Francis Drake was knighted by Queen Elizabeth aboard his famous vessel Golden Hind on 4th April 1581. His father was a minister for the navy and Francis grew up near the sea. Drake’s voyages also widened the knowledge base of the British about various areas in the world paving the way for further exploration and conquests. His voyages into sea started when he was 18 and he was one of the first slave traders. It returned to Plymouth with 59 men on September 26, 1580 after circumnavigating the earth, making Francis Drake the first Englishman to accomplish the feat. He was sent by Elizabeth I to make expeditions on several occasions. Francis Drake was an illustrious English naval officer, sea captain, slave trader, explorer, and privateer. Sir Francis Drake was born sometime around 1540 as the son of a Puritan farmer. He found a good port, landed, repaired and restocked his vessels, then stayed for a time, keeping friendly relations with the natives. He organized a water supply for Plymouth that served the city for 300 years. He commanded a crew of 73 men in two small vessels, the Pascha and the Swan. He planned to attack the town of Nombre de Dios, a drop-off point for Spanish ships bringing silver and gold from Peru. The first known circumnavigation of Earth was the 1519 – 1522 Magellan-Elcano expedition which was led initially by Ferdinand Magellan and then by Juan Sebastián Elcano. He was appointed by Queen Elizabeth I to lead the search for new trade routes. The Drake of legend was a pious, brave, and just seaman who initiated the move to make England a great naval power and whose acts of piracy against his country’s enemies earned him a knighthood for patriotism. Sir Francis Drake (c. 1540 – 28 January 1596) was an English sea captain, privateer, naval officer, slaver, and explorer. Copyright @ Turiya Infotainment Private Limited. Sir Francis Drake was an Elizabethan seaman famous for his exploits against the Spanish Armada. Most commonly known name. In 1567, Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, were attacked by a Spanish ship in the Gulf of Mexico. You have entered an incorrect email address! If you continue to use this site we will assume that you accept their use. Drake then led the fleet into the Strait of Magellan to reach the Pacific Ocean. Sir Francis Drake was the most renowned seaman of the Elizabethan Age. During his acting career, Graham has received five Young Artist Award nominations for playing the role of Jimmy Brooks in Degrassi: The Next Generation, winning Best Ensemble in a TV Series (Comedy or Drama) in the 2002 Young Artist Awards with the rest of the Degrassi cast. The two escaped on their respective ships while scores of their men were killed. His maiden novella “Teicos” is a thoughtful depiction of the development of society and is awaiting publication. Born on the Crowndale estate of Lord Francis Russell, 2nd earl of Bedford, Drake’s father, Edmund Drake, was... Voyages to the West Indies. Edmund was a farmer on the estate of Lord Francis Russell, the second earl of Bedford. Francis Drake circumnavigates the globe English seaman Francis Drake returns to Plymouth, England, in the Golden Hind, becoming the first British navigator to … Drake was the eldest of 12 sons born to Mary Myllwaye (spelled "Mylwaye" in some cases) and Edmund Drake. He was a skilled privateer, sea captain and slaver. His daring adventures at sea helped to establish England's naval supremacy over Spain and … With Learnodo he hopes to break the barriers of the education system and reach out to a limitless audience in a simple and cost effective way. The book title's are: Sir Francis Drake Revived and The World Engompassed by Sir Francis Drake. 1540-43, Devon, England. He was imprisoned in the Tower of London and eventually put to death for treason. In 1577, Queen Elizabeth I chose Francis Drake as leader of an expedition to explore and raid the Pacific coast of the Americas. This helped England to create a great empire in the New World. The treasure Drake captured made him a wealthy man, and the Queen Elizabeth I knighted him in 1581. Though his exploits made him an infamous pirate in Spain, Sir Francis Drake was a national hero who inspired numerous legends, and works in popular culture. 1592/93. Francis Drake was an English sea captain, explorer and slaver during the Elizabethan era known for carrying out the second circumnavigation of the world in an expedition that lasted from 1577 to 1580 and for his 1588 commanding of the English fleet against the Spanish Armada. Among his men were John Winter, commander of one of the vessels, and officer Thomas Doughty. The discontented sources used for this book were a sure guarantee that Sir Francis Drake's historical accomplishments would not be shown as world-shaking events but merely "maritime myth". Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. We strive for accuracy and fairness. Rare Book and Special Collections Division. His accomplishments cemented English dominance at sea. Several societies celebrate and research Drake’s landing in California including the Sir Francis Drake Society and the Drake Navigators Guild. He is a celebrity explorer. She was married to David Brown and Lt. Cecil John Arthur Howard. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer involved in piracy and illicit slave trading who became the second person ever to circumnavigate the globe. Explorer . Biography of Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake was a British Explorer, a slave-trader, a pirate, and later the mayor of Plymouth. The expedition instead sustained major losses in terms of lives and resources. Frances Drake was born on October 22, 1912 in New York City, New York, USA as Frances Dean. Drake is best known for his circumnavigation of the world in a single expedition, from 1577 to 1580. His father later became a Calvinist lay preacher and raised his children as staunch Protestants. He also served as an officer aboard a West African slave vessel. In 1584 and 1585, he served as a Member of the House of Commons representing Bossiney, a village in north Cornwall, England. Drake returned home, and for the next several years busied himself with duties as mayor of Plymouth. Resenting the Spanish authorities’ claims to regulate their colonies’ trade and impound... Circumnavigation of the world. Francis Drake Biography ; Francis Drake Biography. In this lively and engaging new biography, Harry Kelsey shatters the familiar image of Sir Francis Drake. Between 1585 and 1586, relations between England and Spain grew worse. From common stock he rose to the epitome of British society. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us! About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Sir Francis Drake. Let's uncover the story of Sir Francis Drake. From the 17th century, Drake’s landing site had been identified as Drakes Bay on the coast of northern California in the United States. Drake made of the first English territorial clams as well, he claimed the western coast of what now is North America for Queen Elizabeth. Sir Francis Drake by John Sugden is a wonderfully detailed and documented story of a multifaceted hero of his age. Thousands of Spaniards drowned, and those who reached land were later executed by English authorities. This expedition is known as Francis Drake’s Great Expedition though it is not considered to be highly successful by many historians. Sir Francis Drake Biography. She died on January 18, 2000 in Irvine, California, USA. A reference to Sir Francis Drake High School, removed on Thursday, ... argued that Drake had abandoned the slave trade early in life and redeemed himself with many accomplishments … That year he also was appointed mayor of Plymouth and became a member of the House of Commons. He also holds the feat of being the first to complete the voyage while leading the expedition throughout the circumnavigation. Many in the Royal Admiralty and Queen Elizabeth I's court blatantly reviled Drake as an upstart commoner and threat to the courtly status quo. This included his incursion into the Pacific Ocean, until then an area of exclusive Spanish interest, and his claim to New Albion for England, an area in what is now the American state of California. Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francis Drake has received more than 4,971,864 page views. Francis Drake Biography Add. Francis Bacon was an English Renaissance statesman and philosopher, best known for his promotion of the scientific method. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer and slave trader who earned a reputation for his privateering, or piracy, against Spanish ships and possessions. It was during this expedition, in 1573, that Francis Drake climbed a high tree in the mountains of Panama to become the first Englishman to see the Pacific Ocean, which was barred to all but Spanish ships. Francis Drake has 5 siblings in His family: Edward Drake, John Drake, Thomas Drake, Joseph Drake, Elizabeth Drake. Although it cannot be called an accomplishment, the life of … English admiral Sir Francis Drake circumnavigated the globe from 1577-1580, helped defeat the Spanish Armada of 1588 and was the most renowned seaman of … Drake was eventually apprenticed to a merchant who sailed coastal waters trading goods between England and France. https://www.sunsigns.org/famousbirthdays/d/profile/francis-drake Francis Drake’s burial at sea off Portobello – 1883 bronze plaque by Joseph Boehm #10 Sir Francis Drake was the most famous seaman of his age. These two books retold Drake's story for a new generation and kept his legend alive. Chakravartin (universal ruler) Ashoka, more popularly known now as Ashoka the Great, was a prominent Emperor of Bharatvarsha (present day Indian Subcontinent) in 3rd... Abraham Lincoln is a very popular president among critics as well as the general public. Title page from The English hero, or, Sir Francis Drake Revived, 1695. Upon arriving off the coast of Argentina, Drake had Doughty arrested with the accusation of planned mutiny. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, England on July 13, 1540.Sea captain and slaver who commanded the English fleet against the Spanish Armada under Queen Elizabeth I in 1588. Young Drake received some education; he learned the rudiments of navigation … The English navigator Sir Francis Drake was the first of his countrymen to sail around the world. By 1586, King Philip II of Spain began preparing for an invasion of England through a massive fleet, famous as the Spanish Armada. Sir Francis Drake most certainly left a legacy - revered sailor, slave trader, privateer or pirate, politician and the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. The Spaniards took all of their sea vessels, though they allowed Drake and Hawkins to escape with their lives. They surrendered without much resistance. From 1577 to 1580, he travelled around the world in a single expedition. Sir Francis Drake and the Famous Voyage, 1577-1580: Essays Commemorating the Quadricentennial of Drakes Circumnavigation of the Earth (Contributions ... for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 11) by Los Angeles Center for Medieval and renaissa University of California, Sir Francis Drake Commission, et … In a preemptive strike, Drake conducted a raid on the Spanish city of Cadiz, destroying more than 30 ships and thousands of tons of supplies. Complete Francis Drake 2017 Biography. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. He also became the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe. He is most remembered for being the first Englishman to successfully … Vital facts & highlights of Francis's life to share with the world. He took to navigation well and was soon enlisted by his relatives, the Hawkinses. 1592/93. But the province being settled entirely as a trading interest, all laws were disregarded and a permanent residence there by peaceful citizens became unendurable. His father was a farmer who later became a preacher for the navy. She was married to David Brown and Lt. Cecil John Arthur Howard. The Life and Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake The British Empire was a World dominant force throughout the 17th, 18th, and 19th century, but if it wasn’t for the naval defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the British might have never settled what would be the United States. He was born in 1615 at England. They returned to Plymouth in 1573. In 2012, Drakes Bay was recognized as a National Historic Landmark. He was buried in a lead coffin at sea near Portobelo. These acts were part of what prompted Spain’s Philip II to invade England. There, Drake contracted dysentery and, on January 28, 1596, died of a fever. Even with the continuing debate, in 2012 the U.S. government officially recognized a cove in California's Point Reyes Peninsula as Drake's landing site, an action championed by the Drake Navigators Guild.). As the fleet sailed away from the Scottish coast, a strong gale drove many ships onto the Irish rocks. In 1588 Drake was appointed vice admiral of the English Navy, under Lord Charles Howard. His debut self help book "Happiness Decoded" was released in early 2014. She was an actress, known for Mad Love (1935), The Invisible Ray (1936) and Les Misérables (1935). With the armada formation broken, the lumbering Spanish galleons were easy targets for the English ships, which could quickly move in to fire one or two well-aimed broadsides before scurrying off to safety. Biography: Where did Francis Drake grow up? From 1577 to 1580, he travelled around the world in a single expedition. Biography. The Drake of legend was a pious, brave, and just seaman who initiated the move to make England a great naval power and whose acts of piracy against his country’s enemies earned him a knighthood for patriotism. Drake taught himself navigation as the navigator of a small merchant vessel early in his career. after the Basque mariner Juan Sebastian Elcano. (The first person, Magellan, died while on the trip) Although a man in historical fact, Drake appears as a woman in this work. Francis Drake was born sometime between 1540 and 1544 in Tavistock, England. 1569, Francis Drake married a Cornish woman named Mary Newman. Sir Walter Raleigh was an English adventurer and writer who established a colony near Roanoke Island, in present-day North Carolina. Francis Drake Biography, Life, Interesting Facts Francis Drakewas an English sea merchant, pirate, and politician. Cacafuego’s crew was taken completely by surprise as non-Spanish ships were not expected to be found in the Pacific. His fiancee is Elizabeth Sydenham (m. 1585–1596), Mary Newman (m. 1569–1581). Drake was already a successful privateer (or sea pirate), and his voyage was designed to disrupt the command of the Pacific Ocean and the Americas enjoyed by England’s rival Spain. © 2021 Biography and the Biography logo are registered trademarks of A&E Television Networks, LLC. By the 1560s, Drake was given command of his own ship, the Judith. Francis Drake was an illustrious English naval officer, sea captain, slave trader, explorer, and privateer. Queen Elizabeth I unleashed Drake on the Spanish in a series of raids that captured several cities in North and South America, taking treasure and inflicting damage on Spanish morale. Erik the Red | 10 Facts About The Famous Viking, Wassily Kandinsky | 10 Facts On The Father of Abstract Art, 10 Major Accomplishments of George Washington. On July 21, 130 ships of the Spanish Armada entered the English Channel in a crescent formation. Explorer . However, only Pelican, renamed Golden Hind mid-voyage, was able to complete the expedition. He made his first sea voyage to … About this quiz: All the questions on this quiz are based on information that can be found at Biography - Sir Francis Drake. Sir Francis Drake was an English explorer who is most famous for his circumnavigation of the earth which made him the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe in a single expedition. His voyages, especially his circumnavigation of the earth, increased British interest in the Pacific Ocean. Divers continue to search for the coffin. Rare Book and Special Collections Division. That is because no one around Drake saw her as a woman. At the time, the Spaniards had no idea that failing to kill Drake w… The next evening, Lord Howard and Drake organized fire ships to sail right into the Spanish fleet. The Spanish Armada never fully recovered from Drake’s victories. Drake dropped out of school to pursue his acting career, only graduating from high school in 2012. With the success of the Panama expedition, Queen Elizabeth I sent Drake out against the Spanish along the Pacific coast of South America in late 1577. They stayed in the area for a time, and after Drake’s wounds healed, they raided several Spanish settlements, picking up much gold and silver. It is believed he was born between 1540 and 1544, based on dates of later events. Drake later mockingly referred to the incident as “singeing the king of Spain’s beard”. Admiral Sir Francis Drake was the most famous English privateer and navigator of the Elizabethan era. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. As a privateer, he was successful in capturing numerous Spanish vessels. Henry VIII, king of England, was famously married six times and played a critical role in the English Reformation, turning his country into a Protestant nation. In 1577, Drake was chosen as the leader of an expedition intended to pass around South America, through the Strait of Magellan, and explore the coast that lay beyond. DRAKE, Sir FRANCIS, English navigator, probably the first European to sight the west coast of Canada; b. near Tavistock, Devonshire c. 1540; d. 28 Jan. 1595/96 on board his ship off Portobelo, Panama. Drake had five ships for the expedition. His Latin name was Franciscus Draco, and in the English language “Drake” is an outdated form of the word “dragon”. His accomplishments cemented English dominance at sea. TV and rap star Drake is best known in Canada for playing wheelchair-bound Jimmy Brooks on 'Degrassi: The Next Generation,' and for hit songs like "Take Care," "One Dance" and "Hotline Bling.". Sir Francis Drake Early life. His biography is available in 107 different languages on Wikipedia (up from 104 in 2019). Since 2007, the English Wikipedia page of Francis Drake has received more than 4,971,864 page views. They were soon caught in a storm, with Winter's ship reversing course and returning to England. In this lively and engaging new biography, Harry Kelsey shatters the familiar image of Sir Francis Drake. Francis Drake was born in Tavistock, Devon in around 1540 and went to sea at an early age. On June 17, 1579, Drake landed somewhere north of Spain's northern-most claim at Point Loma. 10 Major Accomplishments of Sir Francis Drake. Drake was already a successful privateer (or sea pirate), and his voyage was designed to disrupt the command of the Pacific Ocean and the Americas enjoyed by England’s rival Spain. A more than able captain, skilled navigator, and a fierce politician. In 1567, Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, were attacked by a Spanish ship in the Gulf of Mexico. In 1593, he represented Plymouth in the House of Commons. For webquest or practice, print a copy of this quiz at the Sir Francis Drake webquest print page. Francis Crick is credited with co-discovering, along with James Watson, the double-helix structure of the DNA strand. Sir Francis Drake was born sometime around 1540 as the son of a Puritan farmer. His nationality is English. They then sailed to New Spain to sell their captives to settlers, an action that was against Spanish law. Anirudh is a novelist, writer, seo expert and educationist. With a small fleet, Drake and his cousin, John Hawkins, sailed to Africa and worked illegally as slave traders. Francis Drake. It is said that he left behind many of his men as a small colony, but his planne… https://www.biography.com/explorer/francis-drake. Young apprentice to a merchant who sailed coastal waters trading goods between and. 1577 from Plymouth, England of Mexico 1540 ( age 56 ) the... 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